Wages grow and unemployment rising – as decision on interest rate change looms


Wages are rising less than expected and unemployment surprisingly rose, official figures show – but likely not fast enough for interest rates to come down.

The rate of unemployment tipped up slightly to 3.9% in January, when it had been forecast by economists to remain at 3.8%.

Pay growth has also slowed more quickly than expected.

When bonuses are factored in, pay packets grew 5.6%, lower than the 5.7% rise expected by economists polled by Reuters, and regular pay – not including bonuses – ticked up to 6.1%, when growth of 6.2% had been forecast.

But the Office for National Statistics (ONS) has warned against reading too much into its own figures.

The body last month again revised its assessment of the labour market, saying the UK unemployment rate may have been much lower, at 3.9%, rather than the 4.2% estimated at the end of 2023.

A picture of a tightening labour market, with fewer jobs on offer, more unemployment and lower wage growth has been painted by the figures.

More on Uk Economy

Wage growth had been higher in December: 6.2% excluding and 5.8% including bonuses.

It’s unlikely to be enough to encourage the Bank of England to bring down the cost of borrowing, via interest rates, at its next rate-setting meeting in next week or in May.

Chancellor Jeremy Hunt said: “Our plan is working.

“Even with inflation falling, real wages have risen for the seventh month in a row. And take home pay is set for another boost thanks to our cuts to National Insurance which in total are putting over £900 a year back into the average earner’s pocket.”

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